#ohiobotany

ohiobotany instagram photos & videos

  • Bogs have long been one of my absolute favorite habitats to explore and botanize in. They are full of interesting and rare plants (at least around here), including a handful of orchids. One of those is the rose pogonia (Pogonia ophioglossoides), a delicate, dainty wildflower with a big personality. Their bubblegum pink color explodes off a bog's green canvas come June, especially when occurring in large colonies of hundreds of plants. They require full sun, an acidic substrate and a constant water supply, but can oddly enough occur in circumneutral-alkaline fen meadows as well where pockets of peat have accumulated to create an acidic microhabitat. It's widespread throughout eastern North America but is most common in the northern Great Lakes and Northeast regions. Here in Ohio it's listed as a threatened species due to extreme habitat loss/degradation. #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature gram #nature lovers #nature Photography #plantporn #PlantsOfInstagram #ignature #instabotany #instaflower #instanature #instaorchids #wildflower #orchid #orchid aceae #rosepogonia #pogonia #wetlands #Bog #acidic #ecology #nativeflora #Pink #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #ohioorchids #wildohio #algibson #TheBuckeyeBotanist

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  • This next orchid isn't all that attractive on its own but its ability to occur in large dense colonies of hundreds of plants makes it a lot more fun to look at. The odd northern tubercled orchid (Platanthera flava var. herbiola) is a species that occurs in a variety of wet situations and can withstand deep shade. Its succulent, fleshy leaves and stems arise from the highly organic black muck of its swamp woods home at this site under a mature canopy of swamp white/bur/pin oaks, green/pumpkin ash, American elm, red maple and cottonwood. The orchids are so dense at this spot that few other plants grow among them, with those that do largely being marsh marigold (Caltha palustris) and the critically imperiled heart-leaved plantain (Plantago cordata). This site goes through boom and bust years in regards to how many plants flower, with 2016 being an exceptionally nice and photogenic summer and when I snapped this photo. #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature gram #nature lovers #nature Photography #PlantsOfInstagram #plantid #instanature #instaorchid #ignature #instabotany #instaflower #botany #wildflower #summer #orchid #wildorchid #orchid aceae #platanthera #swamp #wetland #ecology #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohioorchids #OhioWildflowers #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • With this warm weather today I can’t wait till the flowers start blooming again! Boraginaceae family, I think... #flowers #understory #canont3i #macrophotography #ohioflowers #ohiobotany #namethatflower

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  • Keeping on with my #TributeToWildOrchids is a taxon that is sure to impress in the crested coralroot (Hexalectris spicata). It looks like something better found in a tropical botanical gardens but is right at home in the upland mixed oak woodlands and cedar barren margins of extreme southern Ohio. Each flower is about the size of a quarter with an appearance of molded clay. The colorful explosion of magenta on its lip is most exceptional. This species lacks chlorophyll and thus doesn't photosynthesize, instead gaining all nutrients through its symbiotic relationship with subterranean mycorrhizal fungi. Each plant only surfaces perhaps once or twice a decade to flower and set seed; I've checked the exact same spot for plants first seen in July 2008 each summer since and those plants have yet to break their dormancy. Patience. #nature #nature gram #nature Photography #nature lovers #instaorchids #instanature #instaflower #instabotany #PlantsOfInstagram #ignature #plantid #botany #botanizing #wildflower #orchid #orchid aceae #hexalectris #CrestedCoralroot #coralroot #nativeflora #oakwoods #ecology #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #ohioorchids #exploreohio #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • Tiny. Green. Inconspicuous. That about sums up the rare green adders mouth orchid (Malaxis unifolia). It has the distinction of having the smallest individual flowers of any Ohio orchid and even when dozens of them are in full bloom it's a very easy plant to overlook. It grows in a variety of nutrient-poor acidic habitats, from upland oak-pine woodlands to sphagnum mats near/along seeps and ponds. It definitely is one of those plants that's hard to really get a grasp on just how rare, or common it truly is. It's certainly a master of disguise, although It seems to like me as I've found a half dozen or so new sites for it the last few years and relocated several more. It's similar to mushroom hunting in that once you get the taste and eye for it, they don't blend in as well. It may be easily overlooked but it's a personal favorite of mine! #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature Photography #nature lovers #nature gram #PlantsOfInstagram #plantid #instanature #instaorchid #instabotany #instaflower #wildflower #botany #summer #orchid #wildorchid #orchid aceae #malaxis #green #oakwoods #acidic #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #OhioWildflowers #ohioorchids #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • Of Ohio's 47 indigenous species of orchid, I don't think any are as astonishing upon first sight as the purple fringeless orchid (Platanthera peramoena). It's really more pink than purple to my eye but regardless is as vibrant and saturated a color as there is in the plant kingdom. They occur in a variety of open-shaded wet habitats such as moist meadows and prairies, wet flatwoods, swamps and streambanks. A mucky power line cut along a stream just fifteen minutes from my residence in SE Ohio has these by the dozens and is a frequent stop for me come July. Their bubblegum pink color explodes off the surrounding emerald vegetation unlike anything else around... #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature gram #nature Photography #nature lovers #PlantsOfInstagram #orchid sOfInstagram #ignature #plantporn #instabotany #instaflower #instanature #instaorchid #botany #wildflowers #orchid #orchid aceae #platanthera #purple #wetland #summer #ecology #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #ohioorchids #algibson #TheBuckeyeBotanist

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  • An exceptionally rare orchid in an exceptionally rare habitat. That's the life of the dragon's mouth orchid (Arethusa bulbosa), at least here in Ohio. This regal looking wildflower is only known to occur at a single site in the northeastern part of the state where it resides on the mossy hummocks of a sphagnum bog. Only a dozen or so plants come up in a given year at best, too. While many orchids can be long-lived individuals, the dragon's mouth only survives for a handful of years and relies on seed production and their successful germination far more than other species. This makes collecting, picking, late hard frosts/freezes etc. all the more damning for such a rarity. They're more common further to the north where their boggy habitats are also more common, thankfully. I love its common name as I think it aptly matches its beast-like appearance, maw wide open to swallow its prey! Definitely one of my favorite favorite orchids. #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature lovers #nature gram #nature Photography #ignature #instanature #PlantsOfInstagram #orchid sOfInstagram #instaorchid #botany #wildflower #orchid #orchid aceae #arethusa #Bog #peatland #acidic #wetland #ecology #sphagnum #biodiversity #plantporn #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #algibson #TheBuckeyeBotanist

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  • Few wildflowers are more flamboyant or in-your-face with their colorful appearance than the orange fringed orchid (Platanthera ciliaris). Their beauty only intensifies the more closely you admire their delicate architecture and form. Its epithet of 'ciliaris' translates to 'eyelash' in reference to each flower's specialized fringed labellum (see: lip). They are especially fond of acidic, sandy substrates in a more open, moist-wet habitat such as wet meadows, seepage areas, swales/depressions in savannas, dunes, pastures etc. Unfortunately these types of habitats in undisturbed, high-quality situations are few and far between in Ohio, and as such the orange fringed orchid is listed as a threatened species. Rare or not, it's a spectacular species and one every orchid lover should see at least one! #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature gram #nature Photography #nature lovers #instabotany #instaflower #instanature #instaorchids #botany #ignature #PlantsOfInstagram #wildflowers #orchid #orchid aceae #platanthera #fringedorchid #ecology #acidic #rarespecies #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #ohioorchids #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • I'll cap off a productive day of my #TributeToWildOrchids with a species that almost glows in the dark of its forested and cool, boggy, swampy haunts. Early coralroot (Corallorhiza trifida) is aptly named for its spring appearance and is often the first orchid to peak its head above the thawed soil. It has a circumpolar distribution throughout the northern hemisphere and in North America is restricted to higher latitudes or high elevation in the southern Rockies. I've only had the chance to see them in the flesh a few times, most recently on Ontario's Bruce peninsula, where one would be hard pressed to *not* see some! Like other members of the genus Corallorhiza, this species is a myco-heterotroph that gains nutrients from a symbiotic relationship with subterranean mycorrhizal fungi. Thus, it lacks chlorophyll and the ability to photosynthesize. #nature #nature Photography #nature lovers #naturalohio #nature gram #instanature #instaorchid #instabotany #PlantsOfInstagram #instaflower #botany #wildflower #orchid #wildorchid #orchid aceae #coralroot #corallorhiza #spring #ecology #rarespecies #Ohio #ohioorchids #ohiobotany #ohionature #OhioWildflowers #ohiospring #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • I can't think of a better way to combat a dreary winter day than continue my #TributeToWildOrchids with an explosion of color courtesy the small purple fringed orchid (Platanthera psycodes). Its majestic purple appearance graces select swamp woods, wet thickets, and shrubby fen/bog margins come summer and is impossible to ignore if you're lucky enough to come across some. I personally love the little bearded faces their individual flowers imitate, the pollinia a perfect pair of eyes. Unfortunately, this orchid is a threatened species [S2] in Ohio and one I've seen precious few times in my home state. But the times I have seen it I'll never forget. There's few things like that sprig of purple against such a rich emerald background. #nature #nature Photography #nature lovers #naturalohio #nature gram #instabotany #instanature #instaflower #instaorchid #wildflower #botany #orchid #wildorchid #orchid aceae #PurpleFringedOrchid #platanthera #ecology #swamp #ignature #PlantsOfInstagram #plantid #Ohio #ohionature #ohiobotany #ohioorchids #OhioWildflowers #ohiospring #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • One of late summer's best surprises is the curious and ephemeral three birds orchid (Triphora trianthophora). It spends most of the growing season as an essentially impossible to detect mycoheterotroph in the rich hummus of mature beech-maple woodlands before "sprouting" and sending up its tiny, slender stalk adorned with three buds per plant in late July/early August. This process is believed to be initiated by a combination of waning daylight and drop in nighttime temperatures. The buds mature quickly and only open for a few hours in the morning and early afternoon before wilting; making it a very hard orchid to time perfectly. Every plant in a population and surrounding area flowers together to ensure the best chances of cross-pollination and is an incredible sight in large numbers. Its flowers are the purest crystalline white with a gorgeous green throat and purple pollinia. The Triphora genus has about half a dozen taxa in North America, however, all but T. trianthophora (wide-ranging around the eastern US) is restricted to southern Florida. #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature gram #nature lovers #nature Photography #PlantsOfInstagram PlantPorn #ignature #orchid sOfInstagram #instaflower #instanature #botany #wildorchid #wildflower #orchid #orchid aceae #triphora #threebirds #emphemeral #woodland #nativeflora #ecology #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #ohioorchids #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • I can still recall seeing pictures of pink lady's slippers (Cypripedium acaule) in nature books when I was growing up and thinking they looked out of this world. I still think that to this day despite having spent hours and hours among them in the field photographing them in every way imaginable. They're unique among lady's slippers with their leafless scape and vertically creased pouch but still instantly recognizable as one of their kin. Finding large colonies of hundreds of blooming plants in their upland oak woodlands or dry acidic pine stand homes is a sight I don't think even the most reserved of wildflower admirers could ever forget. I still laugh at the memory of my wife Kara's first encounter with this orchid and saying she thought it the perfect thing for Georgia O'Keeffe to paint. Spot on assessment if you ask me! The question that remains is do you see the male or female anatomy more haha? TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature Photography #nature lovers #naturalohio #nature gram #instabotany #instanature #instaflower #instaorchid #wildflower #botany #orchid #wildorchid #orchid #orchid aceae #ladysslipper #cypripedium #ecology #ignature #PlantsOfInstagram #plantid #Ohio #ohionature #ohiobotany #ohioorchids #OhioWildflowers #ohiospring #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • It's rare that orchids are more renowned and sought after for their leaves than flowers. But that's the case for me and the rattlesnake plantains (Goodyera spp.). I'm personally a huge fan of their evergreen, succulent-like leaves that are detailed with stunning venation patterns. Four species from this largely Asiatic genus can be found in North America, and all can be identified using their aforementioned uniquely decorated fleshy basal leaves. They occur in dry-mesic forests and all can be seen in the Great Lakes region, almost always in association with conifers. This series of photos shows off all four of the continent's species' basal leaves. First off is downy rattlesnake plantain (G. pubescens), then checkered rattlesnake plantain (G. tesellata), dwarf rattlesnake plantain (G. repens), and western rattlesnake plantain (G. oblongifolia). The last photo shows three of the four species raceme of flowers: checkered, dwarf, and downy. #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature gram #nature lovers #nature Photography #ignature #plantporn #PlantsOfInstagram #instaorchid #instaflower #instanature #botany #wildflower #orchid aceae #orchid #goodyera #RattlesnakePlantain #evergreen #texture #greatlakes #ConiferousForest #ecology #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #ohioorchids #exploreohio #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • Scratch and sniff! Smells like wintergreen. It's yellow birch, Betula alleghaniensis, as seen February 1, 2018 in Licking County. #twigs #woodytwigs #ohioplants #ohiobotany #yellowbirch #betula #trees #bobklips

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  • For as frequently as I come across large whorled pogonia (Isotria verticillata), you wouldn't think seeing one in bloom would be as big a deal as it is. It's notoriously fickle and especially frustrating when you consider it's often found growing in large colonies of dozens, even hundreds of plants with 99-100% of them being purely vegetative in any given year. Even when it does flower the blooms last in peak shape for only a handful of days and immediately begin to wilt after losing its pollinia. When you do get to see a large whorled pogonia in fine shape you're met with an intimidating looking flower with the appearance of some mythical beast who's jaws are open and ready to swallow its next victim whole. They occur in acidic, well-drained upland forest communities here in Ohio, but additionally can occupy sphagnum bog mat margins further north. I've visited a bog in SE Michigan where dragon's mouth orchids, pink lady's slippers, and large whorled pogonias grow more or less side-by-side! I've noticed in my numerous experiences with this orchid that the smaller the population, the more regularly its few individuals flower year to year, while large populations with numerous plants rarely put forth bloomers with any consistency. #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature gram #nature Photography #nature lovers #ignature #PlantsOfInstagram #orchid sOfInstagram #plantporn #instaflower #instanature #wildflower #botany #botanizing #orchid #orchid aceae #isotria #pogonia #acidic #oakwoods #Bog #diversity #ecology #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #ohioorchids #exploreohio #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • I've shared it before and you can bet I'll share it again but no #TributeToWildOrchids would be even close to complete without featuring my favorite wild orchid of all. The eastern prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) once occurred all throughout the Midwest and Great Lakes in the region's plethora of wet prairie, fen meadow, and freshwater marshes in numbers unbelievable in today's world. Habitat loss and degradation has this incredible plant threatened with extinction and currently listed as a federally threatened species. Ohio is home to a handful of locations where its large, creamy flowers grace the landscape every late June. No matter where I am or what I'm doing, I always make time for this incredible plant each and every summer. I could live to be 100 and I'll die saying I spent far too little time in its presence... #nature #nature gram #nature lovers #nature Photography #plantporn #PlantsOfInstagram #instaorchid #instaflower #instanature #botany #botanizing #wildflower #orchid aceae #orchid #prairie FringedOrchid #platanthera #rarespecies #prairie #Fen #wetland #greatlakes #ecology #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #ohioorchids #exploreohio #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • A shrub of wet places, with its whorled leaf arrangement (hard to see in a single snapshot though), nearly circular leaf scars, and stipule scars connecting (or nearly connecting) the leaf scars, it's buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis. #buttonbush #cephalanthus #wintertwigs #ohioplants #ohiobotany #shrubs #wetlandplants #bobklips

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  • Finally seeing this next species on my #TributeToWildOrchids is still to this day and without doubt one of the most emotional, exhilarating moments of my life. The small whorled pogonia (Isotria medeoloides) is often thought of as the rarest terrestrial orchid in North America and almost mythical in nature. Its rarity, fickle blooming pattern, and federal protection makes it a hard find but I was fortunate to spend some time with them a few springs ago in the mountains of northern Georgia with the help of some amazing botany buddies. This orchid isn't always as tiny as the one in my photo shows with a nickel to scale (second photo), but the word 'small' is used for a reason. I don't care how bland or ugly some may find them, the small whorled pogonia is ineffably gorgeous to me and absolute royalty. I had the honor of relocating a single vegetative plant of this species at its lone Ohio site a couple years ago after it had been 'missing' for nearly a decade. Another cloud nine moment to be sure, and like finding a needle in a haystack with its nigh-on-identical lookalike Indian cucumber root (Medeola virginiana) everywhere; which is why small whorled pogonia's epithet is 'medeoloides', or "looks like Medeola"! It's absolutely an orchid I'm emotionally tied to more than most. #nature #nature Photography #nature lovers #naturalohio #nature gram #instanature #PlantsOfInstagram #orchid sOfInstagram #instaorchid #wildflower #botany #orchid #wildorchid #orchid aceae #rarespecies #isotria #SmallWhorledPogonia #ecology #ignature #plantid #Ohio #ohionature #ohiobotany #ohioorchids #OhioWildflowers #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • Pink is never a bad choice for an orchid. It's saturated, vibrant and jumps off the landscape in a dramatic manner. Few wear it better than the grass pink orchid (Calopogon tuberosus). This unusual orchid grows in a diversity of open, wet situations with the only common factors seeming to be full sun and a constant water supply. Here in Ohio it's best seen in fen sedge meadows but known from bogs, wet dune swales and wet prairie too. Grass pink's are unique for not following the orchid way of having resupinate (upside down) flowers. Orchid flowers twist 180 degrees during development, allowing their lip to be at the bottom to serve as a landing pad for pollinators who can then access the column/pollinia above. Calopogon's are not resupinate and keep their lip above and column (an orchid's fused male/female reproductive parts) below. This allows for my favorite pollination strategy of any orchid. Bumblebees are attracted to the flurry of orange false stamens on the orchid's lip and land for a nectar snack. Upon doing so, their weight causes the lip to swing on its hinge and fall towards the column below. The bumblebee comes along for the ride and has its back come into contact with the column, hopefully picking up a package of pollen (pollinia) in the process. The bumblebee then suffers very short term memory loss and flies off to another grass pink orchid and repeats the process, this time depositing the pollinia on a different flower when its back hits the column. It must work pretty well as my favorite populations of this orchid always seem to have a decent amount of seed capsules come late summer and fall. Watching the bumblebees unknowingly perform their pollinating duties with these orchids is hilarious and an act I hope to capture on film one day. The genus Calopogon is most diverse in the Southeast with four other taxa. #TributeToWildOrchids #nature #nature gram #nature Photography #nature lovers #ignature #PlantsOfInstagram #instabotany #instaflower #instanature #wildflower #botany #botanizing #orchid #orchid aceae #calopogon #grasspink #Fen #wetlands #Pink #ecology #Ohio #ohiobotany #ohionature #ohioorchids #exploreohio #TheBuckeyeBotanist #algibson

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  • Scratch and sniff. It's sassasfras, Sassafras albidum, a member of the Lauraceae (along with the also aromatic spicebush). #sassafras #woodytwigs #ohioplants #ohiobotany #trees #bobklips

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